Nessarose Thropp
Biographical information
Also Known As

The Mother of Munchkinland
Saint Nessarose
The Witch of the East



Hair color



Colwen Grounds, Nest Hardings, Munchkinland


Center Munch, Nest Fallows, Munchkinland


Melena Thropp (mother)
Frexspar The Godly (father)
Elphaba Thropp (sister)
Shell Thropp (brother)
Liir (nephew)


Boq (musical only)


Eminent Thropp of Munchkinland
Wicked Witch of the East
Madame (musical)


Eminent of Munchkinland
Governor of Munchkinland (musical)



Behind the scenes
First appearance

Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West (1995)

Last appearance

Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West (1995)


Michelle Federer (original Broadway cast)

I shall pray for your soul.

—Nessarose, Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West

Nessarose Thropp, the Eminent Thropp of Munchkinland, also known as the Wicked Witch of the East, is a character from the 1995 novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West by author Gregory Maguire. The character also appears in musical adaptation of the novel, Wicked. She is one of the antagonists of both the novel and musical, as well as L. Frank Baum's 1900 book, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.

Nessarose is the spoiled younger sister of Elphaba, aka the "Wicked Witch of the West". In both the novel and musical, Elphaba is considered a tomboy second to her very beautiful and attractive but delicately handicapped sister, and is often expected to put the needs of Nessarose before her own.

Nessarose goes by the nickname "Nessa", although in the novel, she also goes by "Nessie". During her rule over Munchkinland, she is dubbed "The Wicked Witch of the East", for her one sided business deals, cruel ways, and overall use of sorcery to control her people. Nessarose meets her demise when Dorothy Gale's farmhouse, which was carried by a Kansas cyclone, unexpectedly lands in Oz and tragically crushes her to death. Thus, enabling Dorothy to become the new owner of her magic slippers. Unlike in Wicked, the Wicked Witch of the East never made an appearance in L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, as her feet are only seen sticking out from under the fallen house.

Nessarose Thropp of OzEdit

In Gregory Maguire's novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, Nessarose was born at the Thropp family estate of Colwen Grounds, and was the second child of Melena Thropp, and the eldest child of Frexspar The Godly, though her father believes her to be his second child. Like her older sister Elphaba, she was born with a deformity, though her deformity was that she born with no arms. It is implied this was due to the medicine that her mother took to prevent another green-skinned child. She spent most of her early life in the Quadling Country due to her parents' Unionist missionary work. Her mother died when she was young, and her father and Nanny gave much of their attention to her. Frexspar would later explain that this was because he did not know for sure whether she was his child, so he instead saw her as the child of him, Melena and her parents' lover: Turtle Heart, and a symbol of his love for both of them.

Shiz and Magic SlippersEdit

Nessarose was enrolled at Crage Hall at the tender age of fourteen, due to Nanny replacing Ama Clutch. She is described as fashionable, shy, proper, and as pious as her father. Because of her spoiled upbringing, Elphaba and Nanny insist on changing the room around for her, much to Glinda's chagrin. As a parting gift, her father sends her a pair of slippers decorated with silver glass beads. The slippers are dazzling and have a chameleon effect so that they appear in different colors according to the lighting. This is likely a tribute to the fact that the slippers are different colors in the Oz novels and the 1939 movie.

Nessarose eventually became part of Elphaba's charmed social circle, though her piety caused some conflict, mainly with Glinda's choice to study sorcery. After Ama Clutch's death, she is called into Madame Morrible's office and offered the chance to become an Adept of Magic, a secret ministerial position where she would reign from behind the scenes, though a spell is cast on her so she will not remember until the Morrible wished. She is devastated by Elphaba's abandonment and takes comfort with Glinda, who becomes a close friend, though she also falls deeper into religion and drives away most of her other friends.

Becoming the Wicked Witch of the EastEdit


Michelle Federer and Sean McCourt in the Original Broadway Production

With Elphaba missing and presumed dead, Nessarose eventually inherits her great-grandfather's title of Eminent Thropp. During her reign in Munchkinland, she seceded the region from Oz, and becomes the ruler of the newly formed free state nation. One day, Glinda comes for a visit and notices her slippers are coming apart, and casts a spell to fix them. The magic also gives Nessarose the power to walk without support. In addition, despite her religious conviction, she herself has become a sorceress, though she sees her magic as miracles from the Unnamed God. 

As Eminence, she regularly takes requests of magic from her subjects. One such act was to cast a spell on the ax of Nick Chopper, so that it would kill him. Nick Chopper would later become the Tin Woodsman because of the accident. When Elphaba visits her, she offers her a chance to stay with her and join her in ruling over Munchkinland, though Elphaba refuses. She also promises to leave her slippers to Elphaba when she dies.

Due to her magical power, those who oppose her call her the "Wicked Witch of the East", a title which she seems to take no offense to.

The Matter of Dorothy, the Aftermath, and her LegacyEdit

During a ceremony to honor perfect attendance to religious classes, Nessarose is killed when Dorothy Gale's farmhouse falls on top her. After her death, her ministers claim the title of Eminent Thropp to be extinct, though their right to do this is dubious. She is remembered negatively due to her use of magic and religious fervor to subdue her people. Glinda sends Dorothy back home to avoid the political conflict for killing Nessarose. By the time of Out of Oz, the munchkin's views of Nessarose has shifted drastically, as she is now viewed as a national hero, which leads to Dorothy being put on trial for killing her.

In the MusicalEdit

When Nessa first appears, her father, Frex, gives her silver shoes to wear as a parting gift, while giving Elphaba nothing. Nessa, feeling guilty, tries to talk to her sister but is waved off. Madame Morrible, the headmistress of Shiz, has decided that since she is in a wheelchair and the favorite daughter of Governor Thropp,

it would be best for her to share Morrible's accommodations. No arrangements have been made for Elphaba, and Galinda accidentally offers to share her private suite. Elphaba is angry, as she has always looked after her sister. When Morrible tries to wheel Nessarose away, Elphaba uses her uncontrollable powers to bring her sister back to her. This impresses Morrible, who notes that Elphaba's talents may be of use to the Wizard of Oz; she promises to give Elphaba private sorcery lessons.


Original Broadway Boq and Nessarose-Christopher Fitzgerald and Michelle Federer

Fiyero, a Winkie prince, arrives at Shiz and immediately impresses his own brand of cavalier, carefree living on the students, organizing a party at a local ballroom. Galinda convinces a Munchkin student named Boq to take Nessarose to the party, more to avoid unwanted attention from Boq than out of any desire to be kind. Nessa has a crush on Boq and is so overjoyed to be invited that she asks Elphaba if there is any way to repay what she perceives as Galinda's kindness. Boq has no affection for Nessarose, and when he tries to tell Nessarose what happened, he ends up telling her how much he loves her because she predicts that he did it feeling sorry for her. At the dance, Elphaba arrives wearing the hat Galinda had given her, only to be ridiculed and laughed at, embarrassing Nessa. Nevertheless, Elphaba defiantly proceeds to dance alone without any music. After the dance, Galinda and Elphaba talk in their room. Elphaba reveals that her father hates her because of her green skin and that he had forced her mother to eat milk flowers to ensure that Nessarose was not born the same. The milk flowers caused Nessa to be born early, crippling her, and their mother had died in childbirth.

At the train station, Galinda, Nessa, Boq, and Fiyero see Elphaba off to the Emerald City. After Galinda says Boq will keep Nessa company during Elphaba's absence, Boq, claiming he can't "do this anymore" storms off angrily. Galinda tells Nessa that Boq might not be right for her, to which she replies that it is her that is not right. Nessa exits the stage, creating a chance for the actors to perform One Short Day.


Nessa as Governor of Munchkinland

Nessa isn't seen for a while afterwards, but finally reappears after Thank Goodness in Act II. Elphaba arrives at the governor's residence in Munchkinland seeking refuge, after being on the run for several years after defying the Wizard during her trip to the Emerald City, reluctantly trying to ask her father for help. But Nessa, now the governor of Munchkinland, harshly reveals that he died of shame due to Elphaba's actions at the Emerald City. Nessa refuses to help hide a fugitive, citing her status as an unelected official, and criticizes Elphaba for not using magic to help her overcome her disability. To assuage her feelings of guilt, Elphaba enchants Nessa's jeweled shoes, turning them from silver to ruby red and enabling her to walk. Boq, who is now Nessa's servant, is summoned and reveals that a ball is being held for Glinda and Fiyero's engagement and he must go tell that his heart lies with Glinda. Furious, Nessa casts a mispronounced spell from the Grimmerie, causing Boq's heart to shrink. While Elphaba attempts to save him, Nessa reflects on how her obsession with Boq has led her to oppress the Munchkin people. Elphaba saves Boq by turning him into the Tin Woodman – horrified, Nessa lays the blame on Elphaba, knowing that Elphaba is leaving not to free the Monkeys, but to find Fiyero.


Nessa and Boq in the Helsinki production.

This is her last live appearance, as she is soon after crushed by Dorothy's flying house caused by a tornado whipped up by Madame Morrible and dies.

Book to Musical Differences Edit

Like many other characters in the Broadway adaptation of Wicked, Nessarose is portrayed very differently from the novel. She was originally played by Michelle Federer. In the musical, Nessarose is not chosen as a sorceress by Madame Morrible, and while the character of the musical does have arms, she is instead bound to a wheelchair. As in the novel, she is seen as beautiful, but the adaptation presents her as a more tragic character, attending Shiz University with Elphaba, who often embarrasses her in her attempts to "make a difference". In an effort to shoo away a persistent love-struck Munchkin named Boq so that her own relationship with Fiyero can develop, Galinda arranges a date between him and Nessarose. Thereafter, Boq unhappily becomes a point of love obsession for Nessarose, unlike in the novel, where she had little contact with Boq. Because her father was governor of Munchkinland, Nessarose takes control of the province following his death, and during her rule, she slowly becomes evil and tyrannical. She enslaves Boq, and in an attempt to use Elphaba's spells to punish him for professing his love for Glinda, accidentally causes his heart to disappear. As Elphaba begins to save Boq by turning him into the Tin Woodman, Nessarose declares herself 'The Wicked Witch of the East'.


Jenna Leigh Green and Stephanie J. Block as Nessarose and Elphaba in the Original First National Tour Company

As in the novel, Nessarose receives the magical slippers as a gift from her father, but they are enchanted by Elphaba, rather than Glinda, to give her the ability to walk. The musical does not refer to Turtle Heart or Shell, and thus it is implied that Nessarose was the legitimate child of Frex and Melena. The musical also shows that it was Madame Morrible who created the fateful cyclone, as a trap to draw Elphaba out of hiding.

It is also interesting to note that, in the novel, it is heavily hinted at that the Grimmerie comes from the other world (our world), and that Elphaba's ability to read only a portion of it is because of her half-human, half-Ozian birth. In contrast, in the musical, the Grimmerie is obviously a book from Oz (since it is stated that The Wizard cannot read it), though Elphaba is, once again, the only one who can read it (both Madame Morrible and Glinda admit that they either cannot or can only read very little). This would make Nessarose's ability to read it, albeit backwards, in the Wicked Witch of the East scene a bit incongruous.


Solos (In A Group Number)Edit


Susan Hilferty's sketch of Nessa's Act 2 dress


*Wicked Witch of the East is not on the Wicked Broadway Cast or any of the subsequent recordings. 


  • Nessarose's wheelchair changes from Act 1 to Act 2. 
  • Most understudies for Nessarose also understudy something else (i.e-Glinda, Elphaba, the Witch's Mother, etc)
  • Marcie Dodd is the only actress to play both Nessarose and Elphaba full time. 
  • Both Eden Espinosa and Shoshana Bean, when the standby for Elphaba on Broadway, understudied Nessarose.
  • The spell Elphaba uses to make Nessarose walk is Ambulahn Dare Pahto Pahpoot Ambulahn Dasca Caldapess Lahfenahto Lahfenahtum Pede Pede Caldapess (repeated).
  • The wheelchair Nessarose has with her when she arrives at Shiz is actually being remote controlled by someone offstage. She is the one moving it until the person with the remote flips the switch turning on the remote. This particular feature is used when Elphaba is moving the wheelchair around. After this scene, she switches to a different wheelchair for the rest of act one.
  • In the 1900 book, the witches of the west and east are not sisters or blood related.


  • Jenna Leigh Green as Nessarose and Stephanie J. Block as Elphaba in the Original First National Tour Cast
  • Nicole Radesching as Nessarose and Stefan Stara as Boq in Act 2 of the German Production
  • Susan Hilferty's original sketch of Nessarose's Act 2 Costume
  • Natalie Anderson as Nessarose in the West End Production
  • Amanda Rose as Nessa
  • Elphie and Nessarose in the German Production
  • Michelle Federer as Nessa and Christopher Fitzgerald as Boq in the Original Broadway Production
  • Michelle Federer as Nessarose and Sean McCourt in the Original Broadway Production
  • Deedee Lynn Magno-Hall as Nessarose and Teal Wicks as Elphaba
  • Christiane de Brujn as Nessarose in the Dutch Production
  • Catherine Charlebois as Nessarose & Michael Wartella as Boq

Portrayers Edit

Broadway ProductionEdit

Michael and Catherine

Michael Wartella and Catherine Charlebois as Boq and Nessarose

Broadway Understudies:Edit

  • Eden Espinosa (also standby for Elphaba)
  • Shoshana Bean (also standby for Elphaba)
  • Cristy Candler (also Witch's Mother)
  • Tiffany Haas
  • Stacie Morgain Lewis (also u/s Glinda)
  • Megan Sikora (also u/s Glinda)
  • Briana Yacavone (universal swing, also u/s Midwife) 
  • Robin Wilner
  • Amanda Rose
  • Lori Ann Ferreri
  • Katie Webber (also Witch's Mother)
  • Catherine Charlebois (universal swing)
  • Jenny Florkowski
  • Alicia L. Albright (Current-also Dance Captain, u/s Midwife, u/s Witch's Mother, Swing)
  • Tess Ferrell (universal swing, also u/s Midwife-Current) 
  • Emily Ferranti (also u/s Glinda)
  • Brenda Jean Hamilton
  • Desi Oakley (also u/s Midwife, Swing)
  • Hannah Shankman (also u/s Elphaba-Current)
Wicked Nessarose comparison - Wicked Witch of the East

Wicked Nessarose comparison - Wicked Witch of the East

1st National TourEdit

  • Jenna Leigh Green (2005-2006; also u/s Elphaba)
  • Jennifer Waldman (2006)
  • Deedee Magno Hall (2006-2008)
  • Kristine Reese (2008-2009)
  • Amanda Rose (2009)
  • Brynn O'Malley (2009-2010)
  • Michelle London (2010)
  • Stefanie Brown (2010-2011)
  • Cristy Candler (2011)
  • Emily Ferranti (2011-2012; also temp. u/s Glinda)
  • Demaree Hill (2012-2013)
  • Jaime Rosenstein (2013-2014)
  • Jenny Florkowski (2014-2015)

1st National Tour UnderstudiesEdit

  • Maria Eberline (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Laura Dysarczyk
  • Lori Holmes (also Witch's Mother)
  • Erin Davie
  • Chelsea Krombach
  • Marcie Dodd (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Ashley Fox Linton
  • Stefanie Brown (also u/s Glinda)
  • Kristine Reese
  • Lesley McKinnell
  • Emily Ferranti (also u/s Glinda)
  • Catherine Charlebois (universal swing)
  • Carla Stickler (also u/s Elphaba, standby for Elphaba)
  • Brenda Jean Hamilton (Current-Swing)
  • Courtney Iventosch (also Witch's Mother)
  • Tess Ferrell (universal swing)
  • Jenny Florkowski
  • Laurel Harris
  • Shayla Beck (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Cassie Okenka (Current-also u/s Glinda)
Kristin Martin

Kristin Martin, Nessarose

Chicago ProductionEdit

  • Heidi Kettenring (2005-2007, 2008-2009)
  • Summer Naomi Smart (2007-2008)

Chicago UnderstudiesEdit

  • Sara Jean Ford (also u/s Glinda)
  • Jacqui Graziano
  • Jennifer DiNoia (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Megan Sikora (also u/s Glinda)
  • Kate Loprest (also u/s Glinda)
  • Betsy Struxness

West End (London) ProductionEdit

  • Katie Rowley Jones (2006-2008, also u/s Elphaba; 2012-2017)
  • Caroline Keiff (2008 - 2009; also u/s Glinda)
  • Natalie Anderson (2009-2010)
  • Cassandra Compton (2010-2011)
  • Stevie Tate Bauer (2010; Temp. - also u/s Elphaba)
  • Zoe Rainey (2011; also u/s Glinda)
  • Lillie Flynn (2011-2012)
  • Sarah McNicholas (2017-2018)
  • Rosa O'Reilly (2017; Temp., 2018-Present, also u/s Glinda)

West End UnderstudiesEdit

  • Caroline Keiff (also u/s Glinda)
  • Cassidy Janson (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Sarah Earnshaw (also u/s Glinda)
  • Kady-Jo Jackson
  • Emily Tierney
  • Lauren James-Ray
  • Stevie Tate-Bauer (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Gemma Atkins (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Charlotte Scott (also u/s Glinda)
  • Florence Andrews (also u/s Glinda)
  • Michelle Francis (also u/s Glinda)
  • Lauren James (also u/s Glinda)
  • Natalie McQueen (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Rosa O'Reilly (also u/s Glinda) (temporary lead; covering Sarah McNicholas' injury leave)
  • Aimee Fisher (also u/s Elphaba; Current)
  • Maggie Lynne (Current)

Los Angeles ProductionEdit

Los Angeles UnderstudiesEdit

  • Natalie Daradich (also u/s Glinda, standby for Glinda)
  • Laura Dysarczyk
  • Marcie Dodd (also standby for Elphaba)

Stuttgart ProductionEdit

  • Nicole Radeschnig (2007-2009)
  • Janine Tippl (2009-2010)

Stuttgart UnderstudiesEdit

  • Lanie Sumalinog
  • Maike Switzer
  • Barbara Schmid

Melbourne ProductionEdit

  • Penny McNamee (2008-2009)

Melbourne UnderstudiesEdit

  • Christina Tan
  • Suzanne Steele

San Francisco ProductionEdit

  • Deedee Magno Hall (2009-2010)

San Francisco UnderstudiesEdit

  • Natalie Daradich (also standby for Glinda)
  • Laura Dysarczyk
  • Besty Struxness
  • Catherine Charlebois (universal swing)
  • Neka Zang (also Witch's Mother)

2nd National TourEdit

  • Kristine Reese (2009-2010)

    Emily Ferranti (Nessarose) and Justin Brill (Boq) on the First National Tour

  • Michelle London (temporary 2010, also u/s Glinda; 2010-2011)
  • Emily Ferranti (2011)
  • Catherine Charlebois (2012)
  • Zarah Mahler (2012-2013)
  • Jenny Fellner (temporary 2013) 
  • Emily Behny (2013-2014)
  • Catherine Charlebois (temporary 2014)
  • Liana Hunt (2015)
  • Megan Masako Haley (2015-2016)
  • Kristen Martin (2016-2017)
  • Jenny Florkowski (2017)
  • Catherine Charlebois (2017 - 2018)
  • Mili Diaz (2018-Present)

2nd National Tour UnderstudiesEdit

  • Michelle London (also u/s Glinda)
  • Jacqui Graziano
  • Lesley McKinnell (also u/s Glinda)
  • Tiffany Haas (also u/s Glinda)
  • Lauren Haughton (Swing-Current)
  • Laurel Harris (also u/s Elphaba)
    Tiffany Haas as Nessarose

    Tiffany Haas as the u/s for Nessarose

  • Catherine Charlebois (universal swing)
  • Lisa Livesay (also u/s Glinda)
  • Anna Eilinsfeld (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Lillian Kates (also u/s Glinda)
  • Tess Ferrell (universal swing)
  • Kelly D. Felthous (also u/s Glinda)
  • Beka Burnham (Current-also Glinda u/s)

Tokyo (2013)Edit

  • Hoshiro Sakaya

UK/Ireland TourEdit

  • Carina Gillespie (also u/s Glinda)

UK/Ireland Tour UnderstudiesEdit

  • Natasha Ferguson (1st cover)
  • Zoë George (2nd cover; also u/s Elphaba)

Australasian Tour (Auckland, Manila, Melbourne)Edit

  • Emily Cascarino

​Australasian Tour UnderstudiesEdit

  • Emma Hawthorne
  • Rachel Cole

Mexico CityEdit

  • Marisol Meneses

Seoul, South KoreaEdit

  • Lee Yea Eun

Sydney ProductionEdit

  • Penny McNamee (2009-2010)
  • Elisa Colla (2010)

Sydney UnderstudiesEdit

  • Christina Tan
  • Suzanne Steele
  • Ellen Simpson
  • Gretel Scarlett

Oberhausen ProductionEdit

  • Janine Tippl (2010-2011)

Oberhausen UnderstudiesEdit

  • Lanie Sumalinog
  • Janna Yngwe
  • Theano Makariou

Australian TourEdit

  • Elisa Colla

Australian Tour UnderstudiesEdit

  • Suzanne Steele
  • Gretel Scarlett

Scheveningen ProductionEdit

  • Christanne de Bruijn (2011-2013)

Scheveningen UndersudyEdit

  • Myrthe Maljers (2011-2013)

Helsinki City Theatre ProductionEdit

  • Vuokko Hovatta (2010-2011)

Helsinki UnderstudiesEdit

  • Tiina Peltonen

Copenhagen ProductionEdit

  • Anais Lueken (2011)

Asian TourEdit

  • Ellisa Colla

Asian Tour UnderstudiesEdit

  • Gretel Scarlett (also u/s Elphaba)
  • Stephanie Morrison

Brazilian Production Edit

  • Giovanna Moreira
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