Frottica, Upper Uplands in northwest Gillikin
Larena Upland (mother)
Glinda "The Good", The Good Witch of the North
Out of Oz (2011)
(originally) Kristin Chenoweth
It's good to see me isn't it? No need to respond, that was rhetorical.
—Glinda to the citizens of Oz src
Galinda Upland, (originally referred to as Galinda of the Arduennas of the Uplands) who becomes known as simply "Glinda", is a main character in the 1995 book titled Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West and its trilogy spin-offs by author Gregory Maguire. She also is a main character in the very successful Broadway Musical of the same name. Unlike in L. Frank Baum's classic children's novel titled The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, published in 1900, and it's sequels, Wicked's portrayal Glinda strays further away from Baum's original character who was the ruler of the southern quadrant in the magical land of Oz called Quadling Country. In the story of Wicked, rather book or stage adaption, her character is based more upon the classic 1939 film's envisionment of Glinda portrayed by the late actress Billie Burke from MGM's The Wizard of Oz, by remaining the bubbly and bright Good Witch of the North instead of the "Amazon Goddess".
In the NovelsEdit
Glinda is a beautiful Gillikenese girl and the daughter of Larena Upland and Highmuster Arduenna. Through her mother, she is descended from the noble clan of the Arduennas of the Uplands of Gilliken.
Her character is seen extensively in the first half of the novel, but disappears for most of the second half, compared to her musical counterpart. She is snobby, superficial, and obsessed with appearing to be high class enough, due to the fact she's only partially noble. However, despite her inner insecurities she is also intelligent enough to be accepted to Shiz University's Crage Hall, where she is forced to share a room with another student due to her chaperone, Ama Clutch, being temporarily delayed. To Galinda's surprise the roommate named Elphaba Thropp, is a green skinned girl with a great apathy towards beauty, fashion and social standing. She is the complete opposite of Galinda. At first, Galinda tries to ignore Elphaba and pretends she is not her roommate by not giving her the time of day to be properly acquainted. So instead she quickly makes friends with a group of girls on campus who enjoy partaking in the same interest and hobbies which allows Galinda to have an active social life and quickly become extremely popular among her fellow peers.
At one point, Boq, a student from Briscoe Hall, forms a crush on her and even falls in love with her, but she rejects him due to differences in appearances, race and social status, though she agrees to be friends with him which Boq accepts. Eventually, she and Elphaba seem to have a rather begrudging companionship, though she still resents Elphaba and is shocked when she appears at her vacation home due to a snarky prank by one of her friends.
It is not until Dr. Dillamond, who she'd met on the way to Shiz and who she had behaved rudely towards, is tragically killed and Ama Clutch is incapcitated as a result that she realizes how self-centered and shallow she's been, she truly allows Elphaba to finally become her friend by looking past her flaws and seeing her as an equal person for the first time. To mark this new change, she changes her name to Glinda, which the late doctor had called her. In her second year, she takes up sorcery as her major and begins to slowly excel at it, being able to cure Ama Clutch's condition, though she could not save her life. At the Ama's funeral, she is called, along with Elphaba and Elphaba's religious and crippled little sister named Nessarose to meet with Madame Morrible in her office with the offered chance of becoming an Adept of Magic, who work as a behind-the-scene minister for the Ozian government system that is ran by the ruler of Oz known as the Wizard. Though a secret spell is put on her so she does not remember until Morrible wishes her to. After this, she accompanies Elphaba to Oz's imperial capital aka the Emerald City to finally meet Oz who is praised for being "wonderful". Though it is a disappointing meeting and not much gets done. Afterwards, she is shocked when Elphaba says she's leaving Shiz and Glinda begs her to return with her, to no avail.
Glinda then returns to school alone, where she seems to take a sisterly role to Nessarose in Elphaba's absence. She completes her degree and later marries an older nobleman named Sir Chuffrey and becomes known as Lady Glinda Chuffrey. She becomes famous for her philanthropy, working in tangent with her husband's business deals. At one point, she casts a spell over Nessarose's beautiful shoes which inadvertently allow her to walk without any help or assistance.
Later Nessarose is accidentally killed by an adolescent girl named Dorothy Gale who had fallen out of the sky while aloft in a farmhouse that crash-landed in the heart of Munchkinland after being caught in cyclone from another universe. When Nessarose was handing out attendance awards to the Munchkins, the house fell right on top of her. Glinda then gives Dorothy Nessarose's beautiful shoes and cast a protection spell upon them. To get the girl out of the way, Glinda then sends Dorothy and her dog Toto on the yellow brick road which will ultimately lead them to the Emerald City to seek the Wizard. There Glinda hopes that he'll help the lost girl, not realizing that she just contributed to Elphaba's oncoming death.
A little while later she meets Elphaba again before Nessarose's funeral, and tells her what happened, and is chastised by Elphaba for giving Dorothy the shoes. Though she tries to convince Elphaba that her intentions were not out spite and she tries to talk Elphaba out of going after Dorothy, she refuses to listen and storms off. They see each other only once after that, but Elphaba walks past her and does not speak, even when Glinda calls her name trying to mend their relationship, with no avail. The two woman would never see nor speak to one another ever again.
It is indirectly revealed that Glinda cast yet another spell on Nessarose's beautiful shoes that Dorothy was wearing. The spell allowed the girl and her dog to return back to where they came from by clicking the heels of the shoes together three times.
Later after Dorothy's departure, it is revealed Lady Glinda tragically is widowed from her husband, Sir Chuffrey, and is chosen by the provisional government to be Throne Minister. Her job, according to the Scarecrow, is to "clean up" the affairs left by the Wizard and it is implied that after this is complete, she would be expected to resign in favor of a new Minister. When Liir comes to visit her, to request her help in finding Nor, she does not believe him and has a breakdown in front of him, even smashing a glass china doll on a nearby nic-nac table, speaking about the treachery of her position and the people around her, and throwing Elphaba's broom into the fireplace in a fury. Upon seeing that despite the fire, the broom itself will not burn and disintegrate, thus being magic. Glinda realizes he must be a confidant of Elphaba's and directs him to Commander Cherrystone and Shell, who can led him into Southstairs.
She reappears later in the book to make a donation to the Cloister of St. Glinda.
Glinda is living at her estate of Mockbegger Hall on the borders of Munchkinland and Gillikin. Years before, she had taken in Rain, the daughter of Liir, in order to protect her identity. Her household is on the Lake Restwater. This puts her on the forefront of the Oz-Munchkinland war as the lake's water is a chief resource both sides are fighting for. Because of this, her home is commandeered by Commander Cherrystone and most of her staff is dismissed. When the crew of the Clock of the Time Dragon came into town, she authorized a performance of the Clock. However, the prophetic performance upset Cherrystone and his men. The crew gifts her the Grimmerie, which she is able to conceal with a spell within it. However, the performance of the Clock causes greater restrictions in her household. When Cherrystone launches his invasion of Munchkinland using the dragon-pulled boats, Glinda and Rain cast "To Call Winter Upon the Water", which freezes the lake, trapping the boats and dragons. She then smuggles Rain out, giving her over to Brrr for protection.
Glinda finally reappears towards the end of the book where she has a brief conversation with Rain, where she explains she is being sent to Southstairs for her actions at Mockbegger Hall, though Brrr later explains that she'll be freed as soon as it is advisable to do so, and indeed, she is freed as the book closes. Her ultimate fate, like most of the characters, is left open to the imagination of the reader.
In the MusicalEditIn the novel's Broadway musical adaptation Wicked, Glinda is one of the two female leads as the musical focuses on her friendship with Elphaba (the young woman who becomes the infamous Wicked Witch of the West). In the novel, her role was minor, as she only appears a couple of times out of the Shiz setting, but in the musical her role was expanded. As in the novel, Glinda is characterized by her popularity and ambition and goes by the name of Galinda Upland (who hails from the Upper Uplands). Glinda is a very bubbly and popular girl. Unlike in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz she has blonde hair instead of red hair and a blue dress instead of a light pink dress. She and Elphaba cross paths while attending Shiz University, and while the two girls dislike each other at first, they eventually become best friends. Galinda enrolls in Madame Morrible's sorcery tutorial, but is precluded from entering when Morrible decides to tutor Elphaba privately. Later, however, Elphaba convinces Madame Morrible to admit Galinda to the sessions. Glinda is rather irritated by Doctor Dillamond's constant mispronunciation of her name (he has difficulty pronouncing the first 'a', and so calls her "Glinda", to which she often responds "It's Galinda. With a 'Ga'"). It is therefore somewhat ironic that she, herself, constantly makes the mistake of addressing Boq, a Munchkin boy who is infatuated with her, as "Bick". As in the novel, Galinda later shortens her name to Glinda (telling the Wizard of Oz that "the 'Ga' is silent" when she introduces herself to him). She does this to mark the firing of Dr. Dillamond, but also in an attempt to impress Fiyero, her love interest.
When Elphaba decides to rebel against the Wizard, she offers Glinda the chance to go with her, but Glinda decides to stay behind and realize her opportunities with the Wizard, ultimately sealing her destiny to become "Glinda the Good." She shares a relationship with Fiyero , but is oblivious to his increasingly strong romantic feelings toward the now vilified Elphaba. When the two eventually run off together, Glinda is left heartbroken and enraged, but later realizes that Fiyero really does love Elphaba. She is present when the Wizard sends witch-hunters to kill Elphaba, and, unable to stand by while her friend is killed, she goes to Kiamo Ko to warn her of the impending danger. Before being supposedly melted by Dorothy, Elphaba makes Glinda promise not to clear her name, and gives her the Grimmerie, a legendary spell book. Glinda tells her that of all the friends she has had, Elphaba is the only one who really mattered, and the two Witches acknowledge that each has been changed by their friendship. Glinda then confronts the Wizard with the revelation that Elphaba was in fact his own daughter, and forces him to leave Oz, before having Madame Morrible arrested, thus exacting long-overdue justice for Elphaba. She announces to the citizens of Oz that she will try to help them recover in the aftermath of the past few years, and that she wishes to truly earn the title of 'Glinda the Good'.
Solos (In A Duet)Edit
- For Good (Elphaba)
Solos (In A Group Number)Edit
- No One Mourns The Wicked (Young Wizard, Frex, Midwife, and Ozians)
- Dear Old Shiz (Students of Shiz)
- What Is This Feeling? (Elphaba and Students of Shiz)
- Dancing Through Life (Fiyero, Boq, Nessarose, Elphaba, and Students of Shiz)
- One Short Day (Elphaba and Citizens of the Emerald City)
- Defying Gravity (Elphaba and Company)
- Thank Goodness (Madame Morrible and Citizens of the Emerald City)
- Finale (Elphaba and Company)
- Susan Hilferty, the designer of the costumes of Wicked, explained there are 25 different kinds of sequins used on The Bubble Dress.
- The sequins are all hand-sewn.
- The Bubble Dress was intended to appear like a wedding dress or every girl's fantasy of a princess outfit.
- There are 9 different fabrics used in the construction of the Bubble Dress.
- The Popular Dress has little rainbow stitches on the bodice.
- All of the bags have a bit of glitter on them.
- According to the family tree in A Lion Among Men, her mother is Larena Upland and her father is Highmuster Arduenna.
- In L. Frank Baum's novel Glinda was the Good witch of the South, it wasn't until the 1930's movie that Hollywood changed it to the North for some "unknown" reason.
- In the Wizard Of Oz Glinda wears a pink puffy dress but in Wicked she wears a blue dress.
- The role of Glinda/Galinda was originated by Kristin Chenoweth.
- Though the first book claims she is an Arduenna through her mother. the family tree in the third book claims her mother is an Upland and her father is an Arduenna.
- Her name in the book was originally different and longer, but it was changed to match that of her musical counterpart.
- Katie Rose Clarke stated in a Q&A on Twitter that during episode 4 of Fly Girl that the bubble dress that you see in the opening and closing of the show was 25 pounds. For Katie it weighs at least 45 pounds.
- In the musical, Glinda's real name is Galinda, which she changed in honor of Doctor Dillamond, who always called her Glinda instead of Galinda.
- During the play versions, Glinda calls "Toto," Dodo. When trying to warn Elphaba of the impending mob that is coming to kill her.
- Kristin Chenoweth (2003-2004)
- Jennifer Laura Thompson (2004-2005)
- Megan Hilty (2005-2006)
- Kate Reinders (2006-2007)
- Kendra Kassebaum (2007, 2008)
- Annaleigh Ashford (2007-2008)
- Alli Mauzey (2008-2009)
- Erin Mackey (2009-2010)
- Katie Rose Clarke (2010-2011)
- Laura Woyasz (Temporary April 2011)
- Chandra Lee Schwartz (2011-2012)
- Alli Mauzey (2012-2013)
- Katie Rose Clarke (2013)
- Alli Mauzey (2013-2014)
- Jenni Barber (2014)
- Kara Lindsay (2015-2016)
- Carrie st. Louis (current)
- Laura Bell Bundy (2003-2004)
- Megan Hilty (2004-2005)
- Stacie Morgain Lewis (2005)
- Katie Adams (2005-2007, 2007-2009)
- Alli Mauzey (2007)
- Lindsay K. Northern (Temporary April 2011)
- Laura Woyasz (2009-2011; temporary 11/19 to 12/15, 2013)
- Kate Fahrner (2011-2012)
- Tiffany Haas (2012-2015)
- Tess Soltau (2015)
- Ginna Claire Mason Moffett (Current)
- Melissa Bell Chait
- Melissa Fahn
- Stacie Morgain Lewis (also Nessarose u/s)
- Sarah Jane Everman
- Megan Sikora (also Nessarose u/s)
- Libby Servais (Temporary 2011)
- Heather Spore (Current)
- Lindsay K. Northen (Current)
- Emily Mechler
- Shanon Mari Mills
- Cassie Okenka
1st National TourEdit
- Kendra Kassebaum (2005-2006)
- Megan Hilty (2006)
- Christina DeCicco (2007)
- Katie Rose Clarke (2007-2009, 2011-2012)
- Chandra Lee Schwartz (2009-2011; 2014-2015)
- Amanda Jane Cooper (2011)
- Alli Mauzey (2012)
- Patti Murin (2012-2013)
- Jenn Gambatese (2013)
- Gina Beck (2014)
1st National Tour Standby Edit
- Natalie Daradich (February 2012-March 2012)
1st National Tour UnderstudiesEdit
- Katie Adams
- Emily Rozek
- Annaleigh Ashford
- Laura Woyasz
- Christeena Michelle Riggs
- Melissa Bohon
- Meggie Cansler
- Stefanie Brown (also Nessarose u/s)
- Marissa Lupp
- Lauren Ashley Zakrin
- Emily Ferranti (also Nessarose u/s)
- Alli McGinnis
- Megan Campanile
- Lesley McKinnell
- Sarah Schenkkan
- Cassie Okenka (March 2012-January 2014; August 2014-2015; also Nessarose u/s)
- Shanon Mari Mills (2015)
- Nikki Bohne (2015)
- Kate Reinders (2005-2006)
- Stacie Morgain Lewis (2006)
- Erin Mackey (2006-2008)
- Kate Fahrner (2008)
- Annaleigh Ashford (2008-2009)
- Sarah Jane Everman
- Sara Jean Ford (also Nessarose u/s)
- Erin Mackey
- Kate Fahrner (also Nessarose u/s)
- Megan Sikora (also Nessarose u/s)
- Kate Loprest (also Nessarose u/s)
- Cristin Boyle (Final)
- Michelle London (Final)
West End (London) ProductionEdit
- Helen Dallimore (2006-2007)
- Dianne Pilkington (2007-2010)
- Louise Dearman (2010-2011)
- Gina Beck (2011-2013)
- Savannah Stevenson (Current)
- Sophie Linder-Lee (Temporary 2015)
West End StandbysEdit
- Annalene Beechey (2006-2007)
- Dianne Pilkington (2007)
- Sarah Earnshaw (2007-2011)
- Chloe Taylor (2011-2012)
- Lucy van Gasse (2012-2013)
- Sophie Linder-Lee (Current)
West End UnderstudiesEdit
- Sarah Earnshaw (2006 - 2007; also Nessarose u/s)
- Elinor Collett (2006 - 2007)
- Caroline Keiff (2007 - 2008; also Nessarose u/s, Nessarose)
- Pippa Lloyd (2008 - 2009)
- Chloe Taylor (2009 - 2010)
- Lucy Newton (2010 - 2011)
- Zoe Rainey (2011; also Nessarose)
- Sophie Linder-Lee (2011-2013)
- Charlotte Scott (2011-2012; also Nessarose u/s)
- Florence Andrews (2012-2013; also Nessarose u/s)
- Michelle Francis (2013-2014; also Nessarose u/s)
- Lauren Stroud (2013-2014)
- Lauren James-Ray (Current; also Nessarose u/s)
- Maria Coyne (Current)
Los Angeles ProductionEdit
Los Angeles StandbysEdit
Los Angeles UnderstudiesEdit
- Lucy Scherer (2007-2010)
- Jana Stelley (2007-2009)
- Valerie Link (2009-2010)
- Valerie Link
- Katrin Taylor (Final)
- Lucy Durack (2008-2009, 2014)
- Erin Hasan (2008-2009)
- Liz Stiles (Final)
San Francisco ProductionEdit
San Francisco StandbysEdit
- Natalie Daradich (2009-2010; also Nessarose u/s)
- Libby Servais (2010)
San Francisco UnderstudiesEdit
- Alexa Green (2010)
2nd National TourEdit
- Helene Yorke (2009-2010)
- Natalie Daradich (2010-2011)
- Tiffany Haas (2011-June 2012)
- Jeanna de Waal (June 2012-March 2013)
- Hayley Podschun (2013-2014)
- Kara Lindsay (2014)
- Carrie St. Louis (Current)
2nd National Tour UnderstudiesEdit
- Libby Servais (2009-2010)
- Michelle London (2009-2010; also Nessarose u/s)
- Lesley McKinnell (2010-2011; also Nessarose u/s)
- Rachel Potter (2010-2011)
- Tiffany Haas (2011; also Nessarose u/s)
- Lisa Livesay (2011-2012; also Nessarose u/s)
- Marissa Miller (2011-2013)
- Jillian Kates (2012-2013; also Nessarose u/s)
- Lindsey Brett Carothers (Current)
- Kelly D. Felthous (2013-2014; also Nessarose u/s)
- Beka Burnham (Current; also Nessarose u/s)
Tokyo Revival Edit
- Tomada Asako
- Torihara Yukimi
- Emily Tierney
UK/Ireland Tour UnderstudiesEdit
- Carina Gillespie (also Nessarose)
- Helen Woolf
- Cecilia de la Cueva
- Majo Perez
Mexico City StandbyEdit
- Crisanta Gomez
Mexico City UnderstudyEdit
- Liesl Lar (also Nessarose)
Seoul, South KoreaEdit
- Jung Sun Ah
- Kim Bo Kyung
- Kim So Hyun
- Lee Ji Eun
- Lucy Durack (2009-2010)
- Erin Hasan (2009-2010)
- Liz Stiles
- Taneel van Zyl (final)
Australian Tour Edit
- Lucy Durack (2011, 2014)
- Suzie Mathers (2014 - 2015)
Australian Tour UnderstudiesEdit
- Suzie Mathers (2011)
- Allyce Martens (2011)
- Joana Wee Würz (2010-2011)
- Valerie Link (2010-2011)
- Katrin Taylor (2010-2011)
- Heather Carino (2011)
- Chantal Janzen (2011-2012)
- Yvonne Coldeweijer aka Keet! (2012-2013)
Scheveningen/Dutch Alternate (Standby)Edit
- Céline Purcell (2011-2013)
- Manon Novak (2011-2013)
- Ianthe Tavernier (2011-2013)
Asian Tour ProductionEdit
- Suzie Mathers (2011-2012)
Asian Tour UnderstudiesEdit
- Allyce Martins (1st cover)
- Claire George (2nd cover)
- Stephanie Morrison (3rd cover; also 2nd cover Nessarose)
Helsinki City Theatre Production (non-replicated version)Edit
- Anna-Maija Tuokko (2010-2011)
- Emmi Kangas (2010-2011)
Copenhagen Production (non-replicated version)Edit
- Annette Heick (2011)
- Katrine Falkenberg (2011)
- Camille-Cathrine Rommedahl (2011)
Australia Revival Edit
- Lucy Durack (2014-2015)
- Suzie Mathers (2015-Present; Brisbane & Perth)
Australia Understudies Edit
- Justine Puy (2014-Present)
- Monica Swayne (2014-Present)